Bali Architecture Villa Integrates with Modern Style
The diversity of amazingly beautiful, comfortable, and functional architecture in Indonesia is shaped by the country’s unique cultural richness in harmony with nature. This is similar to the Bali architecture. Bali architecture is a representation of richness and distinctiveness, which is frequently combined with modern style. So, how do you blend Balinese architecture with modern design in your home and villa?
Philosophy of Bali Architecture
Beginning with the organization of space from the gate to the layout of the space. As well as the carving details, Bali architecture is heavily influenced by Hindu elements. In general, Balinese architecture is based on seven philosophies.
- Tri Hata Karana: establishes harmony and balance among the three elements of life: human (atma), nature (angga), and gods (khaya).
- Space and zoning rules for the Tri Mandala
- Sanga Mandala: a set of directional spatial and zoning rules.
- Tri Angga: concepts or hierarchies that exist between various realms
- Tri Loka: akin to Tri Angga but of a different nature.
- Asta Kosala Kosali: 8 architectural design principles for symbols, temples, stages, and measurement units
- Arga Segara: sacred axis connecting mountains and sea
Bali Architecture Characteristics
The concept of harmony with nature becomes the fundamental character and identity of Bali architecture. The use of natural stone materials, wood carvings, and bamboo contribute to this harmony. This natural material is expected to promote harmony between humans and the environment, as well as between humans and the Creator.
Natural stone as the floor of the sitting area, a banana tree fan as a point of interest in the rear garden, and the use of a small plant to give the impression of simplicity and minimalist modern concepts can all be used to create harmony with nature. The number and rows of wooden chairs are purposefully designed to demonstrate the harmony of togetherness with fellow humans, who both face the garden to admire the beauty of God’s creation, the garden and the sky.
Stone and wood carving
Majapahit Hinduism has influenced Balinese carving. Originally placed in a place of worship, the unique sculpture evolved into an architectural style that is identical to Bali.
Excellent Space Zoning
The application of Tri Angga’s philosophy with three levels, namely the Utama, Madya, and Nista, results in the balance of spatial distribution.
The modern concept of Tri Angga has shifted into public, semi-public, and private spaces. This concept can be implemented by designating the yard as a public space, and the terrace between the courtyard and the bedroom as a semi-public area. And long wooden chairs at the foot of the bed as a barrier between semi-public and private areas.
Furthermore, the wooden-framed ceiling, a feature of Balinese architecture, blends harmoniously with the modern open-plan style while still displaying a neat zoning between the living room and dining room.
Not only is there zoning a neat space in the interior, but this neatness is visible from the gate. A road serves as a public space, a staircase serves as a semi-public space, and a gate serves as a signal to enter a more private space.
Balinese Architecture’s Major Features
Excellent Ventilation System For good air circulation, Balinese architecture uses large windows or space between the roof and the walls of the building. For example, you could design a bedroom with a wall covered in carvings on the head of the bed and a large window overlooking a small garden. The bathroom, as a private space that requires proper ventilation, was purposefully designed without a roof and with bamboo as a protective barrier. Natural stone is used to make the floor less slippery and to represent harmony with the tropical environment.
Tri Loka’s philosophy considers the home to be a human body with strong feet. Even tropical contemporary modern style can clearly show the structure of Balinese architecture buildings. The exposed structural poles represent human bones, which help to strengthen the structure. The head appears as a ceiling that attaches to the roof, exposing the wooden rafters and batten as strength and aesthetic elements that demonstrate the beauty of simplicity.
Harmony with nature necessitates a large enough yard to communicate with the natural surroundings. Trees with distinct trunks contrast beautifully with concrete road patterns interspersed with grass and huts, as well as a dumb bale of wood.
In Balinese architecture, the wall serves a spiritual purpose in addition to providing security and privacy from the outside. A high wall is thought to be spiritually capable of repelling black magic and evil spirits. The shape of a box made of natural stone decorated with palm trees, banana trees, and rows of decorative bamboo on the entrance wall can be tried in combining Balinese house architecture with a modern style. Before entering the main door, the concrete block road pattern was purposefully designed to be in the middle of a pond with a water philosophy that cleansed all evil elements and flanked by natural stone walls as its guards.
The goal of both traditional and modern architectural styles is to provide functional comfort for human users. Both combine the beauty of architecture with the beauty of functional elements. As a result, combining Balinese or other traditional architecture with a modern style is not difficult. Again, the architect’s knowledge, expertise, and dedication can address all challenges associated with integrating various architectural styles.